maanantaina, kesäkuuta 25, 2012

Uutisia ja artikkeleita juhannusviikolta 2012

" The so-called Arab Spring continues to reverberate locally, regionally and geopolitically. This issue of FMR reflects on some of the experiences, challenges and lessons of the Arab Spring in North Africa, the implications of which resonate far wider than the region itself. 

We would like to thank IOM, the Swiss Federal Department of Foreign Affairs and UNHCR’s Bureau for the Middle East and North Africa for generously supporting this issue of FMR. We would also like to thank Khalid Koser, Frank Laczko, Angela Sherwood and Peter Van der Auweraert, our special advisors on this issue, for their invaluable assistance. 

Alongside this issue we are also publishing an updated version of our 2008 FMR supplement on ‘Islam, human rights and displacement’."

 UNHCR: Global Trends 2011 report on ilmestynyt. 

A report released today by the UN High Commissioner for Refugees shows 2011 to have been a record year for forced displacement across borders, with more people becoming refugees than at any time since 2000.

UNHCR's 'Global Trends 2011' report details for the first time the extent of forced displacement from a string of major humanitarian crises that began in late 2010 in Côte d'Ivoire, and was quickly followed by others in Libya, Somalia, Sudan and elsewhere. In all, 4.3 million people were newly displaced, with a full 800,000 of these fleeing their countries and becoming refugees.

UNHCR 2011 Global Trends

Overall, Afghanistan remains the biggest producer of refugees (2.7 million) followed by Iraq (1.4 million), Somalia (1.1 million), Sudan (500,000) and the Democratic Republic of the Congo (491,000).
Around four-fifths of the world's refugees flee to their neighbouring countries, reflected in the large refugee populations seen, for example, in Pakistan (1.7 million people), Iran (886,500), Kenya (566,500) and Chad (366,500).

Among industrialized countries, Germany ranks as the largest hosting country with 571,700 refugees. South Africa, meanwhile, was the largest recipient of individual asylum applications (107,000), a status it has held for the past four years.

UNHCR's original mandate was to help refugees, but in the six decades since the agency was established in 1950 its work has grown to include helping many of the world's internally displaced people and those who are stateless (those lacking recognized citizenship and the human rights that accompany this).
The Global Trends 2011 report notes that only 64 governments provided data on stateless people, meaning that UNHCR was able to capture numbers for only around a quarter of the estimated 12 million stateless people worldwide."

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Kahdeksas Foreign Policy - lehden valtioiden hajonneisuutta kuvaava Failed State Index on myös ilmestynyt.

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